septiembre 4, 2022

Tierra de campos valladolid

Tierra de campos valladolid

wikipedia

Tierra de Campos es una gran región histórica y natural o comarca mayor que se extiende por las provincias de León, Zamora, Valladolid y Palencia, en Castilla y León, España. Se trata de una extensa y desolada llanura sin apenas relieve, salvo algunas amplias ondulaciones del terreno.

Originalmente se conocía como “llanura gótica” (Campi Gothici o Campi Gothorum), ya que la zona había sido colonizada por los visigodos que huyeron de la Galia de Aquitania tras su conquista por los francos. Se menciona por primera vez con este nombre en el Codex Vigilanus (Codex Albeldensis), y se describe como una zona que se extiende “desde el río Duero, hasta el Reino Cristiano”[1].

“Tierra de Campos” está situada en una meseta fértil y elevada con una altura media de unos 720 metros, su geografía es la típica de la Meseta Central. El suelo está formado en su mayor parte por arcilla bastante compacta. El clima es continental, con inviernos largos y fríos y veranos cortos y calurosos. Los ríos que riegan naturalmente la zona son escasos y tradicionalmente las tierras de Tierra de Campos se han dedicado a la agricultura de secano. El Canal de Castilla, que atraviesa esta comarca, se desarrolló con fines de transporte pero se convirtió en un sistema de riego. Algunos de los humedales de Tierra de Campos, como la Laguna de la Nava de Fuentes y las Lagunas de Villafáfila, son importantes para la ecología de la región[3].

castilla y león spain map

However, and although there is no documentary evidence, it is often said that this name comes from the Visigoth period, prior to the Muslim conquest, that is, from the same period of the settlement of the Goths in the country, although it was not the Visigoths themselves who gave the name of Campos Góticos to the territory they occupied, but the bordering peoples from the north, the Hispano-Romans, thus referring to the territory that served as their settlement.

The Tierra de Campos is a natural region and, as such, its boundaries are somewhat imprecise, especially when it is located in the heart of a large area of very similar geographical characteristics. Sometimes, historical, political or administrative reasons help to increase this confusion. It can be stated, without much precision, that this treeless plain is located in the central-western part of the high plateau of the Duero.

It has an undulating topography, sometimes interrupted by low hills, some of which are crowned by castles. It is crossed by rivers of low flow as the Valderaduey or Sequillo, and flanked by other more abundant, as the Carrion, which opens to the east, the Cea or the Esla and Pisuerga that are its western and eastern boundary respectively. Crossed from north to south by the Canal de Castilla, a work of the mid-eighteenth century and early nineteenth century, which was designed to carry wheat to the northern ports, by means of river transport by draft along the shore, the so-called towrope, barges pulled by animals, constituting one of the most important hydraulic engineering works of its time.

sahagúntown in spain

Straddling the provinces of Palencia, Valladolid, Zamora and León, Tierra de Campos is one of our most emblematic regions but at the same time one of the most unknown. In those nearly five thousand square kilometers of infinite plains hide many more treasures than you could imagine. Here are 11 proposals to begin to discover this frontier land through which countless different peoples have passed, all of them leaving their mark.

Although they are gradually disappearing, they are still the most representative buildings of the region and at the same time the most enigmatic and mysterious. Their typology is tremendously complex and their history is still unknown. There are them all over the area, many in a ruinous state but no less fascinating for that. The most famous are in the area around Villafáfila (Zamora) although a good place to explore them is Guaza de Campos (Palencia) where there are still about 18 in different states of preservation and with very different styles.

sahagún, spain

In the northern part of the province of Valladolid we discover the brightness of its golden cereal fields and a landscape full of dovecotes, the most notorious symbol of this plateau, and where the pigeon, one of the most typical products of these lands, was bred.

To discover and savor Tierra de Campos, nothing better than visiting the Bread Museum in Mayorga, the Slaughter Interpretation Center in Palazuelo de Vedija or the Cheese Museum in Villalón de Campos.

And to enjoy enviable views will be aboard the boat “Antonio de Ulloa” through the waters of the Canal de Castilla, the majestic engineering work of the eighteenth century that invites you to take a trip in which all the senses are awakened.

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